Teen Invents World’s First Sustainable EV Motor

Robert Sansone’s research could pave the way for the sustainable manufacturing of electric vehicles that do not require rare-earth magnets – and he’s only 17 years old!

Robert Sansone is a natural born engineer. From animatronic hands to high-speed running boots and a go-kart that can reach speeds of more than 70 miles per hour, the Fort Pierce, Florida-based inventor estimates he’s completed at least 60 engineering projects in his spare time. And he’s only 17 years old.

A couple years ago, Sansone came across a video about the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars. The video explained that most electric car motors require magnets made from rare-earth elements, which can be costly, both financially and environmentally, to extract. The rare-earth materials needed can cost hundreds of dollars per kilogram. In comparison, copper is worth $7.83 per kilogram.

“I have a natural interest in electric motors,” says Sansone, who had used them in different robotics projects. “With that sustainability issue, I wanted to tackle it, and try and design a different motor.”

The highschooler had heard of a type of electric motor—the synchronous reluctance motor—that doesn’t use these rare-earth materials. This kind of motor is currently used for pumps and fans, but it isn’t powerful enough by itself to be used in an electric vehicle. So, Sansone started brainstorming ways he could improve its performance.

Over the course of a year, Sansone created a prototype of a novel synchronous reluctance motor that had greater rotational force—or torque—and efficiency than existing ones. The prototype was made from 3-D printed plastic, copper wires and a steel rotor and tested using a variety of meters to measure power and a laser tachometer to determine the motor’s rotational speed. His work earned him first prize, and $75,000 in winnings, at this year’s Regeneron International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF), the largest international high school STEM competition.

Click here for the full article from Smithsonian Magazine.

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Debunking Medical Myths



Incorrect! Going outside in the wintertime—whether you’re wearing a scarf or have wet hair—isn’t what raises your risk for illness. Seasonal circulation of certain illnesses, particularly Influenza, and the indoor gathering of crowds due to uncomfortable outdoor conditions are what drives the numbers of cold weather illness up. Any increased stress on your body, like exhaustion, underlying illness, or pregnancy, can also intensify your risk for illness.



Not necessarily. Certain drinks actually dehydrate us. Caffeine (in soda and coffee) and alcohol shouldn’t count toward the total number of ounces of water per day since their chemical components actually encourage the body to lose water. More active individuals, like athletes, will likely need to step up their hydration. Children’s requirements are lower than adults due to smaller body size overall.



Untrue! Metabolic studies tracking the brain’s utilization of fuel reveal no dormant areas. Functional MRI testing has failed to demonstrate the latent 90% of unutilized gray matter.



You can! Every woman’s cycle is different, and even for each individual, it can vary from month to month. Any incidence of unprotected sexual activity can result in a pregnancy. The “rhythm method” used by some couples to avoid getting pregnant during a woman’s most fertile time of her cycle is incredibly unreliable.



Nope. While trying to use your eyes in an environment with insufficient light can cause muscle strain from squinting, and infrequent blinking that can dry out the eyes, ophthalmologists generally agree that these are not lasting effects.



False. Action taken on one hair follicle effects only that one hair follicle. Hair cells are not vengeful nor are they vindictive, so while it might feel like it’s the plucking of the hair that prompts more of them to arrive, it’s more likely just the probability of a person with one gray hair growing other gray hairs.



They are not. All of the “holes” in your head drain into the back of your nose and throat. That means the sinuses, eyes (through the tear ducts), and ears (through the Eustachian tubes) all provide a path for nasal congestion to drain. When the nose is stuffy, though, it interrupts this drainage and allows fluid to back up into the sinuses, eyes, and ears. Standing fluid tends to get infected (picture a fish tank without a filter) and fluid stuck behind the ear drum is no exception. So while ear infections themselves can’t be passed from one person to another, the cold that caused the congestion that triggered the ear infection can.



This one is true! The amount of pressure that is built up in the lungs in preparation for a sneeze is significant. Sneezed air and respiratory droplets can travel up to 100 miles an hour! That pressure has to go somewhere, and contained sneezes not only risk damage to the blood vessels of the nose, throat, and brain, but also can potentially cause hearing loss.

From UH Pediatrician and PSI Medical Expert – Dr. Carly Wilbur.

Click here for more great insights from Dr. Wilbur.

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What to say to students when the news is scary

The news can be devastating: Communities are reeling after a mass shooting killed 21 people — including 19 children — at an elementary school in Uvalde, Texas. That’s after a shooter, motivated by a racist conspiracy theory, shot and killed 10 people at a grocery store in Buffalo, N.Y., and another shooter in Dallas injured three women of Asian descent in what the police chief called “a hate crime.”

These events can be incomprehensible for adults — so how do we talk about them with students?

We spoke with a handful of child development experts about what parents, teachers and other caregivers can say to help kids process all the scary news out there. Here’s what they had to say:

Limit their exposure to breaking news

“We can control the amount of information. We can control the amount of exposure,” says Rosemarie Truglio, senior vice president of curriculum and content at Sesame Workshop.

Truglio says that for starters, try not to let your children experience the news without you. That includes letting the TV or audio play in the background. In 2017, 42 percent of parents of young children told Common Sense Media that the TV is on “always” or “most” of the time.

As a little girl growing up in rural Louisiana, Alison Aucoin remembers her father watching the evening news during the Vietnam War. “The way that our house was set up, it was kind of impossible for me to completely miss it.”

Aucoin vividly recalls the rapid fire of rifles and the shouting of soldiers, but it was two wordsthat the reporters and anchors kept using that truly frightened her.

“[I] heard the words ‘guerrilla warfare’ and … thought, gorillas — like apes,” Aucoin says. “And I literally had a plan for where I would hide in my closet when the gorillas came.”

Truglio says that because we can’t control the news itself, adults need to control the technology that exposes kids to potentially traumatic news.

For big stories, ask: “What have you heard and how are you feeling?”

While it’s important to limit your kids’ exposure to potentially frightening media, some stories are simply too big to avoid. And as kids get older, if they don’t hear about it at home, they’ll almost certainly hear something from classmates at school.

Tara Conley, a media researcher at Montclair State University, says adults should choose a quiet moment to check in with their kids, maybe at the dinner table or at bedtime.

The idea, she says, is to allow kids to “ask questions about what they’re seeing, how they’re feeling and what do they think.” In other words: Give kids a safe space to reflect and share.

Give kids facts and context

Check-ins also allow you to debunk memes, myths and misconceptions, and that’s important in the social media maelstrom, says Holly Korbey, author of Building Better Citizens, a new book on civics education. In the days since the recent Iran news broke, she says, “My own teenagers were showing me these memes and rumors on Instagram spreading about boys being drafted for World War III, no kidding.”

Korbey says, “One of the most important things parents can do in this scary climate is to talk to kids about facts. For example: ‘No, there is not a draft, and no we haven’t started World War III.’ ”

Truglio says that if scary news is happening far from home, the best thing a parent or caregiver can do is to reach for a map. Then, she says, a child could “see distance, that it’s not in their immediate environment.”

Some traumatic events, however, might be closer to home — a school shooting, for example. In that case, it’s important to convey that, overall, such events are incredibly rare. After all, that’s why it’s news.

When they ask why something happened, avoid labels like “bad guys”

Evan Nierman, a father of two, lives in Parkland, Fla. His son turned 11 the day after the 2018 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, and his daughter was 8. He says one of the toughest moments for him as a father was when his kids asked why the shooting happened. “And there’s obviously not a great answer for that. It’s hard to explain.”

Truglio says we should resist the temptation to label anyone “bad guys” or “evil.” It’s not helpful, and it may increase fear and confusion. Instead, she says, talk about people being in pain, being angry and making bad choices. That’s what Nierman and his wife settled on, telling their children that the shooter wasn’t well and needed help.

And according to Truglio, there’s one important thing parents shouldn’t be afraid to say: I don’t know.

“Sometimes we don’t have the answers to all of these whys,” she explains. “It’s important for parents to say … ‘I don’t know why it happened.'”

Click here for the original article from KQED.

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TikTok Banned from all state-owned devices

Ohio bans TikTok from state devices, some officials push for total ban

Time is ticking for one of the most popular social media apps in the world. On Sunday night, Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine signed an executive order to ban TikTok from any state-owned device, but some public officials are advocating for a complete ban.

One billion users worldwide scroll, like and comment on TikTok. Even state government has gotten involved, with the Ohio Dept. of Transportation (ODOT) having more than one hundred thousand followers.

The quirky videos from ODOT sharing safety tips, recruitment montages from the highway patrol and highlights from the latest OSU football game all have one thing in common: They are accounts that have either been shut down or are being evaluated.

As soon as he was sworn into office Sunday, DeWine prohibited state and local government employees from downloading, using or accessing any website or app that is owned by a Chinese business. The most popular for Americans is TikTok, but included other apps like Weibo and WeChat.

This decision disappointed state Rep. Latyna Humphrey (D-Columbus).

“You have the ability to reach constituents and Ohioans in a way… that they haven’t been reached before,” Humphrey said.

The app beneficially changed the way people engage with their government, the Democrat added. Luckily for her, she can still keep her TikTok account.

“It is not going to change my ability because I utilize my own device, the device that… I pay for,” she said.

Chair of the Republican Party of Cuyahoga County Lisa Stickan said the government should also consider banning TikTok completely, not just on government devices. Due to the widespread security concerns about spying and data harvesting, this could be a real national security threat, she said.

“If it is something, particularly a government-owned device that has confidential information… it’s good we’re doing it there,” she said. “But should we explore, down the road, personal devices?”

It’s possible Stickan’s proposal could stifle free speech, but cyberlaw expert and Case Western Reserve University professor Raymond Ku said there is also a way it could be supported.

TikTok isn’t happy with the governor’s decision, with their spokesperson Jamal Brown giving a statement to News 5 explaining that the order “will do nothing to advance cybersecurity” and is “based on unfounded falsehoods.” The company also added that they are working with the federal government to address the concerns. Their full statement can be found below.

“We’re disappointed that so many states are jumping on the political bandwagon to enact policies that will do nothing to advance cybersecurity in their states and are based on unfounded falsehoods about TikTok. TikTok is loved by millions of Americans, and it is unfortunate that the many state agencies, offices, universities, student groups, and sports teams in those states will no longer be able to use TikTok to build communities and share information. 

We are continuing to work with the federal government to finalize a solution that will meaningfully address any security concerns that have been raised at the federal and state level. These plans have been developed under the oversight of our country’s top national security agencies—plans that we are well underway in implementing—to further secure our platform in the United States, and we will continue to brief lawmakers on them.”

Stickan is not the only one to raise the idea of a total ban. Lawmakers around the Statehouse have been debating the idea, but the free speech argument is always being considered.

Click here to view the original article from News 5 Cleveland.

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Pearl Neumann – AGE 100 – fulfills her goal of earning HS Diploma

At age 100, Pearl Neumann knows it’s never too late to accomplish your goals and earn a high school diploma. In her sophomore year, Neumann dropped out of Spencerport High School in New York to help on the family farm. She went on to be active in the community, helping others, but she never lost her desire to graduate.

Now she has her diploma.

Spencerport High School celebrated her graduation at a special ceremony in December. Her picture will be included in the class of 2023 composite that will hang in the high school. After leaving high school, Neumann remained in Spencerport, a canal town in Western New York west of Rochester, devoting her life to service. Neumann, who turned 100 last September, now lives in a nursing home and uses a walker to get around. She remains feisty and in strong voice.

“I’m proud of what I did. I’d do it all again in a minute if I had the ability to do it and the health to do it,” Neumann said during the ceremony.

Sean McCabe, principal at Spencerport High School, said he found her efforts humbling.

“It’s a life that was centered on family and on service to others and service to the community,” McCabe said. “I certainly would say that everything that you have accomplished in your life has well exceeded anything associated with graduating from high school.”

Over time, Neumann was active in local 4-H and volunteer service, worked several years with the local ambulance and helped families emigrating from Germany to get established in the United States.

“It makes you feel good all over. You’re not only helping somebody else, but you’re also helping yourself to stand on your own two feet and fight for the good old U.S.A.”

Her advice to others: Stand up for yourself.

“By golly, stand on your own two feet,” she said. “Don’t let someone else tell you what to do because they think they know more than you do. Baloney!”

Above – a short video of Pearl Neumann’s graduation ceremony.

Click here to view the original article from Cleveland.com.

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9 Facts About Dehydration That May Surprise You

Do you wake up thirsty? If so, the reason may not be that you’re dehydrated from drinking too little water throughout the day. Your body also loses water while you sleep, simply through breathing and sweating. This is one of the lesser known causes of dehydration.

How Much Water Do I Need to Drink?

The widespread belief that you should drink eight, 8-ounce glasses of water a day for good health is a myth. There is no scientific research behind it. There’s no standard amount of water you should drink daily – it varies person to person. Most people need about four to six cups. Certain health conditions and high levels of physical activity will increase the need.

Common Causes of Dehydration Include:

  • Poor sleep quality. You lose water as you sleep especially if you breathe through your mouth. A small study published in 2006 found that people who breathed through their mouth during sleep lost 42 percent more water than those who breathed through their nose.
  • Not enough sleep. Dehydration also can be influenced by how much sleep you get. A study in the medical journal Sleep found that people who slept six hours or less a night were more likely to be dehydrated than those who slept at least eight hours.
    The study involved about 20,000 adults in the United States and China. It found those who slept six hours or less had up to a 59 percent higher risk of dehydration compared to the other group.
    Researchers said the difference may be related to an anti-diuretic hormone, vasopressin, which plays a role on how much water the kidneys excrete. The brain releases the hormone at night so that we retain water while we sleep.
  • Drink choices. Caffeine doesn’t increase risk of dehydration, but drinking alcohol does. If you’re drinking beer and urinate frequently, it’s not just the beer being eliminated. Alcohol is a diuretic and causes excessive urination. And drinking on an empty stomach will contribute even more to dehydration, because the alcohol is absorbed more quickly into the bloodstream.
  • Childhood. Children are at higher risk of dehydration than adults. This is especially true of infants. That’s because a child body holds a smaller volume of water than an adult body. Kids can become dehydrated quickly. So, it’s important they get enough fluids, especially if they have diarrhea or vomiting.
  • Aging. An obvious sign you need water is thirst. But you should not rely on thirst as an indicator of fluid needs. The thirst sensation also weakens with age. Older adults are more susceptible to dehydration because of this. They also hold less water than younger people.

Other Hydration Facts to Remember

  • It’s possible to become overhydrated. Sometimes called water intoxication, excessive water intake dilutes sodium in the blood. Cells absorb excess water, which can cause swelling in the brain. Overhydration can lead to vomiting, seizures, confusion and headaches. It can be life-threatening.
  • The color of your urine is good indicator of dehydration. Pale is good. Darker yellow indicates you need to drink more water. Very dark indicates dehydration. Keep in mind, certain foods and medications can affect the color.
  • Seek medical attention in cases of vomiting, fever or lack of urination.Dehydration can cause dizziness, fatigue, headaches, confusion and fainting. Moderate to severe dehydration calls for medical attention. Severe dehydration can lead to electrolyte imbalances, kidney problems, seizures, coma and death.

Click here for the original article from UH Hospitals.

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How Run DMC Is Helping Students Grow By Embracing Their Emotions

Please click on the video above or read this short video description below –

Rapper Darryl “DMC” McDaniels has had just about every kind of success a person can have.

As part of the groundbreaking group Run-D.M.C. McDaniels racked up a formidable list of “firsts” in the hip-hop world, with multi-platinum albums, Grammy awards, rock’n’roll crossovers, sold out stadiums, a Rolling Stone cover, and hip hop’s first major apparel endorsement.

But McDaniels, who had been creative and introspective since childhood, also battled depression and personal demons that threatened to steal the joy of his success. Now, he’s using his influence and ability to rap on command to reach kids with an important message: Your feelings matter.

He takes this message to schools, and works with Nickelodeon’s educational arm, Noggin, on a literacy and social emotional learning television series “What’s the Word?” He also authored a children’s book, Darryl’s Dream, about a third grader who finds perseverance and confidence in the face of doubt.

Ahead of a panel discussion hosted by Big Heart World, Sparkler, Noggin and The 74, McDaniels spoke with correspondent Bekah McNeel about his love of therapy and empowering words, and about the ways adults can validate the emotions of children while helping them through the tough parts of growing up.

“A lot of the things we go through as adults start in childhood,” McDaniels said. Rather than pushing away anxiety, fear, and sadness—insisting that children be happy simply because they don’t carry the responsibilities of adulthood—he suggested teachers and parents, “Let them be engaged from the point where they’re at.”

A lifelong fan of superhero comics, McDaniels reminds kids that when Spider-Man and the Hulk and others are not in their superhero form, their alter egos like Peter Parker and Bruce Banner have to deal with bullies, setbacks, and all the problems regular people face. Even Star Wars’ Luke Skywalker, McDaniels said, “He had parental issues.”

Parents and teachers, the original heroes in kids’ lives, can also model vulnerability so that kids see how to handle tough emotions—it’s healthy to have negative feelings, because bad and sad things happen. At the same time, the feelings don’t have to stop you from reaching your goals. Being appropriately open and vulnerable with kids also strengthens that adult-child relationship, which will also contribute to the child’s success. People admire strength, he explained, but they connect to vulnerability.

Those connections are a top priority for University of Michigan researcher and pediatrician Jenny Radesky, who joined Austin ISD educator Rebekah Ozuna and American Enterprise Institute policy analyst Rick Hess in a discussion following the McDaniels interview. The panelists discussed the state of social and emotional learning in their various fields—from insight gained during the pandemic to current political pushback, from social media to classroom management.

While there may be ideological and political debate over whether topics like anti-racism and LGBTQ identity belong in social and emotional learning curricula or in schools at all, Ozuna said every classroom inherently has a “culture and climate” in addition to academic instruction. If the culture of the classroom doesn’t acknowledge the real struggles students face, she said, little else was going to break through. This became more clear than ever as students and teachers struggled through the pandemic. “Everything was greatly intertwined.”

Click here for the original article from The 74.

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Huge mental health investment coming to Ohio

After making mental health a priority since taking office in early 2019, Gov. Mike DeWine has signed $175 million in mental health expenditures into law.

The expenditures are divided into two tranches, according to documents provided by the Office of Budget and Management.

“This additional $175 million investment in mental health infrastructure expansion and workforce development is significant and garnered widespread legislative support,” OBM spokesman Pete LuPiba said in an email.  “We look forward to continuing to work with the General Assembly on this crucial priority in the upcoming budget.”

According to a fact sheet OBM provided, 2.4 million Ohioans live in communities with a shortage of mental health professionals, 21% of the state’s residents have a mental health or substance-use disorder, and demand for behavioral health services increased 353% between 2013 and 2019 while the number of mental health professionals rose by just 174%.

According to a 2020 report by United Way, Ohio ranked in the middle of states when it came to access to mental health services, while Ohioans were the seventh least likely to seek such services.

One tranche of $90 million in new mental health funds will be dedicated to “mental health crisis infrastructure expansion initiatives.” The one-time spending will go to:

  • Stabilization units
  • Short-term crisis residential services
  • Hospital diversion
  • Step-down Centers
  • Mobile-Crisis Response
  • Behavioral Health Urgent Care Centers

The bill providing the funds requires that they be allocated regionally and that they be spent on construction, renovation and technology upgrades.

Another $90 million will go to develop human capital in the mental health system by funding programs for mental health licensure and certifications at Ohio’s two and four-year colleges.

Click here for the full article from The Ohio Capital Journal.

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Should You Be Worried About Cardiac Arrest With Your Child?

Earlier this month, Buffalo Bills football player Damar Hamlin went into cardiac arrest on live TV after tackling an opponent. Parents of children who play contact sports often lament the risks of broken bones or concussion, but a heart attack? Statistically, Hamlin’s injury is a rarity. Commotio cordis, the onset of a fatal arrhythmia that results from a strike to the chest at a critical moment during the heartbeat, is most often seen in baseball. In fact, of the few reported cases, more than half are caused by a baseball hitting the chest. Another 30% of cases result from softballs and hockey pucks colliding with the patient’s chest. The timing of the hit is critical. There is a period of only 200msec (that’s 2/1,000s of a second) in which the impact can cause the heart’s rhythm to change so drastically. Quick thinking saved Hamlin’s life.

Having an AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) accessible can mean the difference between life and death if used in the first few minutes. While it helps to have CPR or Advanced Life Saving training, anyone can use an AED. It’s a portable device that, when its stickers are placed on the patient, can accurately analyze the heart’s rhythm and deliver a shock (also known as defibrillation) to re-start a normal heart rate. If used within 3 minutes of a patient collapsing from cardiac arrest, it can exponentially increase the chances of survival. Making sure there is an AED on the campuses of gyms, schools, churches, synagogues, arenas, and anywhere people gather can mean the difference between life and death.

From UH Pediatrician and PSI Medical Director – Dr. Carly Wilbur

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